He aha ka “beurettes” ka inoa o? - ʻApelika ʻōpio

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I loko o kā lākou puke "Beurettes, un fantasme français", ʻo Sarah Diffalah lāua ʻo Salima Tenfiche e haʻi i nā pilikia o nā wahine mai nā ʻohana ʻApelika ʻĀkau i ka ʻimi ʻana i ko lāua wahi ma Palani.


E lilo i "beurette", e lilo i "beur": i loko o nā makahiki he kanahā, ʻo kēia mau ʻōlelo i koho ʻia i nā keiki o nā ʻĀpana ʻApelika ʻĀkau i ʻike i ko lākou manaʻo hoʻohoka, kekeke. Ua hānau ʻia lākou i 1980, hoʻomanaʻo iā Sarah Diffalah lāua ʻo Salima Tenfiche, nā mea kākau o ka puke ʻO Beurettes, kahi moemoeā Palani, paʻi ʻia e Editions du Seuil. I ka manawa mua, he kahua lele ia, Radio Beur, i hoʻokumu ʻia i ka makahiki 1981. Ua lilo ka huaʻōlelo i kiʻiona i ka wā o ka huakaʻi no ke kaulike a me ka kūʻē i ka hoʻokalakupua i ka makahiki 1983.

I kēia lā, aia ka huaʻōlelo "beurettes" ma luna o nā hulina i lawe ʻia ma nā pūnaewele pono ʻole a hōʻino ʻia. Pehea mākou i hiki ai i aneʻi? ʻO Sarah Difallah, mea kākau moʻolelo ma ʻO ka Obs, a ʻo Salima Tenfiche, he haumana kauka laeoʻo i nā kiʻi ʻoniʻoni e loea ana i ka hale kiʻi ʻoniʻoni ʻo Algeria o kēia wā a me ka mea haʻi ʻōlelo i nā moʻolelo ma ke Kulanui o Paris-Diderot, e loiloi i ka genesis o kā lākou hana a me ka ulu ʻana o kahi adjective kolohe.

ʻAʻole moe kolohe a uhi ʻole ʻia

Ua hoʻokuʻu ʻia ʻo "Beurettes, kahi moemoeā Palani" ma Mei 6, 2021 (320 ʻaoʻao, € 21,5).

Ua hoʻokuʻu ʻia ʻo "Beurettes, kahi moemoeā Palani" ma Mei 6, 2021 (320 ʻaoʻao, € 21,5). © Editions du Seuil

He mau hoaaloha mau lākou, ulu aʻe ʻaoʻao a ʻaoʻao, akā ʻaʻole i pili pono i ka nīnau o ko lākou kumu, koe wale nō a puni nā anecdotes. "Ua ʻakaʻaka mākou i nā hana a ko mākou mau ʻohana, akā ʻaʻohe mea hou aʻe," hoʻomanaʻo ʻo Sarah. Ma 30, noho lākou i ka pō piha e pili ana i kēia mau kūkākūkā nalo: nā hoʻomaha kauwela me ka ʻohana, ko lākou mōʻaukala, ko lākou pilina i nā kuʻuna… a kahaha: "No ke aha mākou i loaʻa ʻole ai." ʻAʻole i kamaʻilio e pili ana ma mua. Ke hōʻole nei anei mākou i ko mākou ʻike, o kā mākou moʻomeheu o ko mākou kumu? Ua noʻonoʻo mākou no ke aha ʻaʻole ia he mea a mākou e makemake ai e hoʻolaha. Ua pili paha ia i ka ʻoiaʻiʻo ma Palani, he wahi paʻi maikaʻi ʻole ko ʻAraba ... ua ʻike mākou ʻelua ʻaʻole mākou i haʻalele i kā mākou pilikino i loko o kā mākou mau ʻoihana. clichés: ʻo ʻoe ke kaikamahine mai nā kaiāulu me ka waha nui, a i ʻole ka wahine moekolohe hyper, a i ʻole ka wahine i uhi ʻia. ʻAʻole mākou kekahi o kēlā. A iā mākou i ʻōlelo ai ʻo wai mākou, he aha kā mākou e hana nei, pane mai kā mākou mau mea kamaʻilio pū me mākou, hoʻi i hope: "A, inā ʻaʻole wau e ʻōlelo i kēlā." No laila inā mākou i kānana iā mākou iho e like me kēlā, ua ʻike paha nā wahine ʻē aʻe i ka mea like, a makemake e kamaʻilio e pili ana. "

Ma kāna ʻōlelo hoʻomaka i ka puke, haʻi aku ka mea kākau ʻo Alice Zenitzer ua kuhikuhi aku kahi mea heluhelu iā ia kona ʻano ʻo Naïma, i ʻO Art of Losing (paʻi ʻia e nā paʻi Flammarion, 2017), kūpono ʻole ia. He wahine manuahi ia, puhipaka, inu a hiamoe me nā kāne. ʻO ka ʻoiaʻiʻo, ua "koi" ʻia ke ʻano. ʻO ka mea kākau, e hoʻomanaʻo ana i kāna mākua, heluhelu i kēia mau laina me kahi kīʻaha waina i kona lima, kahi paka i kona waha, i ka hui o kahi kāne ʻaʻole kāna kāne. Ua hōʻuluʻulu maikaʻi ʻia kēia moʻolelo ʻO nā kaikamahine Arab, ʻo wai ka mea e nīnau mai: ʻo wai kou kuleana e lilo ai i wahine wahine no ʻApelika ʻĀkau ma Palani?

Slalom ma waena o nā kī

Hiki koke ka huaʻōlelo "beurettes" i ke kaʻina hoʻokolokolo. No Sarah Diffalah lāua ʻo Salima Tenfiche, he "wā kahiko ia, ua hala ka manawa", ʻaʻole lākou i hoʻohana. Hoʻomanaʻo ʻo Sarah Diffalah i ka lā 14 o Iulai i kona ʻike ʻana i kahi leka mai kahi pūnaewele porn e hoʻolaha haʻaheo nei i ka huaʻōlelo ma luna o nā noi wikiō. "Ma mua, ua hoʻohana ʻia e kamaʻilio e pili ana i ke kaikamahine o ka poʻe malihini i hoʻopili maikaʻi loa ʻia, kahi hōʻailona o ka hoʻohui Repubalika i aʻo, ʻaʻole i hana i nā nalu ... pelapela loa, ka stereotype o ka mea i kapa ʻia "the shisha beurette", "wehewehe ʻo ia.

ʻO nā kino a me nā ola o nā wahine Arab he monopoli mau ia, e ka kaiāulu a i ʻole ke kaiāulu.

ʻO kēia wale nō kekahi o nā clichés e hoʻopili i nā wahine ʻAlapia. ʻIke mākou iā lākou a pau mahalo i nā wahine o nā makahiki āpau e hōʻike nei i ke ola e ʻimi nei i ko lākou wahi, ma waho o nā hale a mākou e manaʻo ai. ʻO nā wahine e ʻumeʻume ma waena o kahi kaiāulu Palani e hoʻomau nei e ʻike iā lākou ma o ka prism o clichés a me nā ʻohana o ʻApelika ʻĀkau e lawe ana i ke kaumaha o nā kuʻuna. "ʻO nā kino a me nā ola o nā wahine Arab he monopoli mau ia, e ka kaiāulu a i ʻole ke kaiāulu. Pono mākou e hana i nā wahine e like me kēia a like paha me lākou. A ʻo ka mea i noi ʻia aku ai iā lākou he mea kūʻē. "

ʻO nā nīnau o ka moekolohe a me ka pilina e noho i kahi mea nui i loko o ka puke. ʻO kekahi o nā pilikia paʻakikī ʻo ka loaʻa a me ka ʻole o ka moekolohe ma mua o ka male ʻole. Manaʻo kekahi o nā mea nīnauele i ka hewa, ʻewalu mau makahiki ma hope mai, no ka mea ua aloha aku ma mua o ka male ʻana.

Ma loko o nā moʻolelo, ʻike mākou i ka moekolohe ʻana o nā wahine ʻōpio ʻAlapia e mālama ʻia ma mua o kā lākou wahi pilikino, me he mea lā "manaʻo" ko lākou ola pilikino i nā ʻohana, ʻo ia hoʻi ke kaiāulu holoʻokoʻa. ʻO ia ka hōʻailona o kahi mahalo a kumakaia paha i ka hope. Ua wehewehe kekahi o lākou ua "pili ʻo ia i waena o ke kiʻi o ke kaikamahine Muslim maikaʻi a me kāna mau makemake ma ke ʻano he wahine kūʻokoʻa a hoʻokuʻu ʻia mai kona mau mākua".

Kuhi ʻo Sarah Diffalah: ʻO ka ʻōpio, koi ʻia nā wahine e kū i nā kuleana kaumaha. Akā ʻoiai ke kaumaha o ka laʻa, a i ʻole ka hana ʻana o ka ʻohana: "

"He kaikamahine maikaʻi ʻApelika ʻĀkau"

ʻO kēia kūlana ma waena o nā makemake pilikino, kaiapuni a puni a me nā hoʻoilina moʻomeheu i mea e paʻakikī loa ai ka make pinepine ʻana o ka mōʻaukala. Eia kekahi, hoʻāla kekahi mau wahine i ka "hilahila" o ko lākou kumu, a hiki i ka ʻae ʻana: "Ua ʻike wau i koʻu Arabness ma ke ʻano he mea ʻino. "Kākau ʻo Alice Zenitzer, eia hou:" I ka wā aʻu i paʻi ai ʻO Art of Losing, ma ke ʻano, ua haʻalele wau i kēia hiki i ka holomua ʻana i ka pale maka: ua ʻōlelo wau i ke ākea he aha kaʻu filiation, ka papa ʻāina ʻohana, a ʻo nā hiʻohiʻona āpau i kau ʻia iaʻu i ka wā e paipai nei i kēia puke ua nānā ʻia ma ka demi-rebeue. . ʻO ka ʻoiaʻiʻo, pili kēia puke i ka ʻimi ʻana i nā kumu o kahi wahine ʻōpio i ʻike i ka pilina o kona ʻohana i ke kaua Algerian.

E launa hou me kā mākou moʻomeheu, pono mākou e ʻike i kā mākou hoʻoilina

ʻO ka ʻona ʻole ʻana i kāu moʻolelo e hoʻopiʻi i ka ʻae ʻana iā ʻoe iho, postulate ʻo Sarah Diffalah lāua ʻo Salima Tenfiche. "Me Salima, ua ʻike mākou ua ʻike ka poʻe a puni mākou i ke kolone i hala ma mua o mākou. Aia kekahi hemahema hoʻomanaʻo i loko o ka wahi lehulehu e like me nā wahi pilikino, no ka trauma. E launa hou me kā mākou moʻomeheu, pono mākou e ʻike i kā mākou hoʻoilina ", wehewehe i nā mea kākau. Ke wehe nei i ka mōʻaukala o kēia mau kumu i nā keiki, e hāʻawi ana iā lākou i nā kī, hiki ke kōkua i kēia ala.

ʻO ka kākau ʻana i kēia puke ka manawa kūpono e paipai ai i ka leo o nā wahine a ʻike ʻia lākou. No Sarah Diffalah, "neʻe i mua" ma kēia mau nīnau e pili pū ana me ka reorienting o ka manaʻo maʻamau, i ka hāʻawi ʻana i nā kuleana i ka hale kiʻiʻoniʻoni i nā wahine o ʻApelika ʻĀkau me ka ʻole he "kumuhana" nā mākua ma ka hana i hana ʻia. ʻO ka mea a Sabrina Ouazani e hōʻike nei, ma o kāna ʻano ʻo Charlotte i ke kaʻina Hoʻolālā puʻuwai.

A i ʻole e kū wale nei e koho i nā wahine ʻAlapia ma ke ʻano he "mau kaikamahine kūleʻa o ʻAkau ʻAkau ʻAkau". Hōʻike pinepine ʻia ke alakaʻi Zahia Ziouani ma o ka palapala honua o kona ʻohana, me ke ʻano ʻoi loa ke kahaha o kāna huakaʻi i ke kūleʻa. Kuʻi ʻo Sarah Diffalah i hope: "

Ua hōʻike mua ʻia kēia ʻatikala https://www.jeuneafrique.com/1206465/societe/immigration-de-quoi-beurettes-est-il-le-nom/

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