Ke paleʻia nei ka maʻi lapaʻau? - Ka Moku'āinaʻo Bay State

Aia kahi kuhihewa maʻamau inā ʻaʻole ola ka maʻi maʻi i loko o kou ʻohana, ʻo ʻoe nō ka palekana mai ka maʻi mai. ʻAʻole pēlā.

ʻO 5 wale nō i ka 10 ka nui o nā maʻi maʻi he mau ʻohana, a i ʻole nā ​​hoʻoilina, e like me ka National Cancer Institute (NCI). Ka lau mau ʻana i kahi huluhulu 90 ʻaʻole i loaʻa.

Hiki paha ke kahaha i ka ʻike ʻo 90 ka nui pakeneka mai nā hana a i ʻole hoʻi. Hoʻolaha ka American Cancer Society (ACS) ma mua o ka 40 ka nui o nā hihia o ka maʻi ma kā mākou hana ponoʻī.

Hoʻokomo i kekahi mau kumu i ka hopena o ka maʻi kanesa. Aia kekahi poʻe i waho o kou mana. Hoʻonui ka mea ulu i ka makahiki. Ke kū neiʻo 52 ka pakeneka o nā hihia ma waena o 55 a me 74. He maʻi maʻamau loa ka maʻi ma lalo o ka makahiki 34 i ka hoʻohālikelike ʻana. ʻO ke kumu kahi kumu i waho o kou hiki. ʻAʻole hiki iā ʻoe ke ʻalo i ka ea āu e hanu ai, ʻaʻole hoʻi i ka lealea ʻole i nā kūlohelohe a ʻai ʻole paha i nāʻaila. ʻAʻole hiki iā ʻoe ke hoʻowalewale i ka lāhui a me ka wahine paha. ʻO ka hihia i ka hihia - nā kāne ʻeleʻele no nā kumu o ke kūʻokoʻa ka kiʻekiʻe kiʻekiʻe o ka maʻi prostate.

Akā aia kekahi mau kumu ma lalo o kou kāohi. ʻO ka pilikia ka nui o ka poʻe o lākou e ʻike iā lākou. I kēlā me kēia makahiki ʻelua ka hoʻopaʻa ʻia ʻana o ka American Institute for Cancer Research (AICR) Ma muli o ka Polokalamu Hoʻohui Kanaka, a hōʻike i nā hopena i ka moʻolelo. ʻOiai ʻo 93 ke kumu nui o ka maʻi kanesa, hoʻonui ka 40 i ka ulu ʻana o ka maʻi kanesa, a e hōʻemi ana i ka hopena o ka maʻi kanesa. Ma mua o ka hoʻopiʻi ʻana o nā kānaka i ka manaʻoʻiʻo o ke koʻikoʻi, ʻo ka nui o nā ʻiʻo i ka pipi a me nā meaʻai ʻano loli nui.

paka

Ma kahi mamao loa ka mana koʻikoʻi o ka tabo. ʻO ka ulaula ke kumu nui o nā make hiki, e like me ka -Oaio? A no ka mai a me ka Makuahine Kāohi, a me nā helu make no nā make 1,300 i kēlā me kēia lā ma kēia ʻāina. ʻAʻole kēia nā mea ulaula e uku i ka hoʻopaʻi. ʻOi aku ka nui o nā make ma 41,000 i kēlā me kēia makahiki mai ka komo ʻana i ka uahi lua.

Christopher Lathan, MD, MS, MPH, Luna ʻĀpana no ka mālama ʻana i ka Cancer Care Equity Dana-Farber Cancer Institute. FOTO: DANA-FARBER CANCER INSTITUTE

Hoʻomaopopo loa ka pili ʻana i ka ulaula e pili ana i nā maʻi maʻi o ka pūpū, ka waha a me ka ʻāʻī, akā ʻo ka maoli "ʻO kēia kekahi o nā ala e hiki ai ke hoʻopakele i nā meaʻawaʻawa," i wehewehe ai ʻo Kauka Christopher Lathan, ka mea i hōʻike i ka maʻi kanalā ma Dana-Farber Cancer Institute.

ʻO ka pōʻino i hoʻopilikia ʻia e ka tapaa ʻaʻole ia he mea kupanaha. Aia i ka uahi o ka paka me nā mea make kino 250, ma ka liʻiliʻi o 69 ka mea e hiki ai i ka maʻi kanesa, e like me ka NCI. Ke hoʻololi nei kekahi mau mea ulaula i ka mea a lākou e manaʻo ai "ʻoi aku ka palekana" o ka hoʻohana ʻana i ka taba, e like me nā cigars, pipes a me ka taba uahi ʻole, akā naʻe kēia mau hoʻololi ʻole i ka pale. ʻO kekahi hoʻohana ʻana o ka tapaa pili me ka maʻi maʻi kanesa. ʻAʻole e loli kēia ʻano.

No ke aha lā e pōʻino ai kahi kanaka? E pili ana iā Nikotine. He addictive ke ʻokiʻoki, a ʻo ka nikotine kekahi o nā lāʻau paʻakikī loa e lanakila, a hoʻonani ʻia me ka heroin a me ka kokā. Ke huli nei ka poʻe'ōpiopio i nā hoʻokipa E-ʻimi ma ke ʻano he ala ʻē aʻe, akā he mea hoʻohui pū kekahi.

Ke hoʻāʻo nei kekahi poʻe e hōʻemi i ka hiki ʻana o ka maʻi, akā e like me ka NCI, hiki i kekahi mau nika ke hōʻalo i nā maʻi kīwī e pili ana i ka puhipuhi. "ʻO ka mea kūpono loa e hiki ai ke hana i ka ulaula," wahi a Lathan. "Ke piʻi nei ka manawa, akā, ʻaʻole ia e puka i waho."

ʻAʻole maʻalahi ke maʻalahi. Hiki paha iā 10 a i ʻole nā ​​mea hou aʻe, no laila e hoʻāʻo ... a laila e hoʻāʻo hou.

KA PAKAI ANA I ALOHA

Ua loaʻa i nā papahana he nui e hāʻawi aku i ke kōkua a me nā ʻōlelo e hoʻopau ai i ka uahi.

Nā Helpline i nā mea ulaula: 1-800-QUIT-NOW (1-800-784-8669)

National Nupepa Institute o Puahi Quitline: 1-877-448-7848

ʻAmelika ʻAmelika ʻAmelika Huipū ʻia no ke Ola: 1-800-227-2345

Smokefree.gov

Obesity

ʻO ka Obesity ka lua koʻikoʻi o ka hopena o ka maʻi kanesa, e like me ka AICR, a me ka helu no ka 7 paona o ka nui o ka make ʻana i ka maʻi maʻi. Ke pīhoihoi nui nei ia i ka wā o ka laha o ka momona o kēia ʻāina a i kēia manawa aia ʻo 40 pakeneka a ʻoi aku ka maʻamau i loko o ka popo a me Hispanics.

Hoʻohui ʻia ia i kekahi uku ʻoi aʻe ʻole, akā pili, pili ia ia He maʻi kanesa ʻē aʻe 13. ʻO kēlā no ka mea momona e hana ai i ka estrogen, ka mea ma ka lohi, hiki ke hoʻonui i ka nui o nā ʻōpū o ka uterine, umauma a me nā ovarian, ʻoi aku hoʻi i nā wahine post-menopausal.

ʻO ka maʻi hōʻeha haʻahaʻa lohi ke kumu paha. No ka laʻana, hoʻonāukiuki i nā maʻi o ka gallstones, ka mea maʻamau i ka poʻe obese, hiki i ka hopena ke mālama i ka maʻi maʻi.

Alcohol

FOTO: Michael Mroczek, Unsplash

FOTO: Michael Mroczek, Unsplash

He hana maʻamau ia e hoʻihoʻi hou me kahi pia ma hope o ka hana a i ʻole he ipu waina. Akā ehia kāu e loaʻa ai? ʻO ka National Institute on Alcohol Abuse a me Alcoholism ka pane: hoʻokahi inu no ka lā, ʻelua no nā kāne. He aha ka mea inu? I pane ʻia nā NIAAA no kēlā: 12 pākuʻi pia; 5 kau lanina waina; a me XnUMX pauku, he pua paha a 1.5-hōʻoia waiʻona, e like me ka scotch.

Eia nō naʻe, he hiki i kahi ʻohana pia ke paʻa i ka pālua 44, a me kahi pahu waina inu ʻo 22. No laila ua hoʻohuli ʻia ke aniani o ka waina a i ʻole ʻokaʻī paha i ʻehā mau lawelawe. ʻO ka ʻawaʻawa nui, ʻoiai inā hui pū me ka uahi, ua pili pinepine ʻia me nā maʻi kīhā o ke poʻo a me ka ʻāʻī a me ka esophagus, akā hiki ke hoʻopilikia i ka palaleka, umauma a me nā ʻōpū.

Hiki i ke kīleʻaha ke hana me he mea ʻeha a hoʻonāukiuki i ka ʻokoʻa e hiki ai i ka maʻi kanesa. Hoʻomaopopo mauʻo ia ka nui o ka waiʻona - ʻaʻole ia ke ʻano o ka inu ʻawaʻawa - e hoʻonui ana.

Diet a kaha ole

Nā kiʻi: Thinkstock

Nā kiʻi: Thinkstock

ʻO ka hapa nui o 5 ka nui o nā kumu i pale ʻia i ka maʻi o ka maʻi e pili ana i ka nele o ka hana ʻana a me ka ʻai maikaʻi ʻole, e like me ka ACS. Ke neʻe nui nei ka mantra hou ... noho liʻiliʻi. Kanakolu kanakolu a me ka hana kino kino, e like me ke hele, e lawa. Hoʻohui pū me kēlā me ka papaʻaina maikaʻi o nā huaʻai, veggies, ʻōpala āpau, huina a me nā meaʻala. Kohu ʻia nā kaiʻai e hoʻopiʻi ʻana i ka ʻai ʻana i nā mea ʻai i nā heona 12 wale nō i hoʻokahi hebedoma, a ʻonanola ʻia nā ʻai ʻono, e like me ka bacon a me ka ham. ʻO lāua ʻelua ka pili ʻana i ka maʻi kanesa.

Nā mea ʻē aʻe

Maʻi maʻi lēwa: ʻO ka papillomavirus kanaka, a i ʻole HPV, ka maʻi maʻamau e pili ana i ka moekolohe. Ke kū nei ka HPV, hiki ke hopena i ka maʻi o ka laka, ka pūpū, ka penis, a me ke anus. ʻO ka nūhou maikaʻi e hoʻomau ʻia kahi huakaʻi i nā maʻi ʻelua a ʻekolu paha e pale ai i ka nui o nā maʻi. ʻO ke Keʻena meaʻai a me nā Kūleʻa i kēia manawa ua apono ʻia ʻo Gardasil 9 no nā wahine a me nā kāne ma waena o nā makahiki he ʻeiwa a me 45.

Ma ke kino maʻi: ʻOiai he maʻamau ʻole ka maʻi ʻili o ka ʻili i waena o nā kānaka kala, hōʻike ʻia ka noiʻi ʻo nā helu ola o ka melanoma, ʻo nā ʻano make loa o ka maʻi ʻōpū o ka maʻi, e haʻahaʻa loa ia i nā ʻeleʻele. Pono nā kānaka āpau e pili ana i ke ʻano o ka ʻili e makaʻala ʻē mai nā hihi UV a hoʻohana i ka lā, pale i ka lā i kona ikaika a paʻa i nā lole pale a me nā kani i ka wā o waho. Hiki iā ʻoe ke nānā i nā moles maʻamau a i ʻole nā ​​loli i kou ʻili.

loiloi: Hiki i nā ʻōpiopio ke ʻike i nā maʻi maʻi i ka wā mua o ka hoʻomaikaʻi ʻana i ke kanikela kolo manuahi a hiki i ka maʻi maʻamau ʻoi aku ka ʻike mua i ka loli mua-cancerous i loko o nā ʻoihana ma mua o ka manawa i hiki ai iā lākou ke hoʻololi i ke kanesa.

ʻO kahi ala synergistic

Ke hana nei kēia mau luhi āpau i ka synergy e kōkua iā ʻoe e mālama ʻole i ka maʻi cancer. Inā hiki iā ʻoe ke kāpae i hoʻokahi, ʻo ʻoe ma ka ala kūpono. A laila kau i kahi hana i hoʻokahi manawa. "Hoʻopuka ka paleʻana i ka pilikia," i wehewehe ʻo Lathan.

MA KE AINA

ʻO nā leka e pili ana i ka ALCOHOL

  • ʻO ka umauma
  • ʻLelo a me ka rectum
  • Hoʻopuka
  • Larynx (Kahea leo)
  • ake
  • waha
  • Kūlana

ʻO nā loulou e pili ana i SMOKING

  • Leukemia leukemia myeloid
  • Kaupaʻa
  • Kuhi
  • ʻLelo a me ka rectum
  • Hoʻopuka
  • Kino
  • Larynx (pahu leo)
  • ake
  • Puaa
  • Oral rongoa a me ka ʻāʻī
  • Pancreas
  • Pau

ʻO nā kāpena e pili ana i ka OBESITY

  • ʻO nā pēpē (postmenopausal wahine)
  • ʻLelo a me ka rectum
  • Uterine
  • Hoʻopuka
  • Kino
  • Pancreas
  • ʻO Gallbladder
  • ake
  • Non-Hodgkin lymphoma
  • Ka myeloma maha
  • Kuhi
  • Ovary
  • Hoʻokomo ʻia nā hopena o ka maʻi prostate

www.dana-farber.org/community

Uaʻike muaʻia kēiaʻatikala https://www.baystatebanner.com/2019/07/17/is-cancer-preventable/